Hello Learners! Welcome to the Crackexam99. In this post, we will find whether BF3 is polar or nonpolar because it has three bonds that are polar but still it is considered non-polar, why? let’s find out.
What is Polarity In Chemistry?
Polarity is the separation of electric charge leading to a molecule having an electric dipole moment, with a negatively charged end and a positively charged end.
Polar molecules contain polar bonds due to a difference in electronegativity between the bonded atoms. It has a geometry that is asymmetric in at least one direction so that the bond dipoles do not cancel each other.
Is BF3 Polar Or Nonpolar?
Boron trifluoride or BF3 is an inorganic compound which is a colorless gas. According to the VSEPR (Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion) Theory, the geometry of BF3 is trigonal planar.
So even the three bonds are polar but the highly symmetrical structure and geometry of BF3 (Boron Trifluoride) cancel the dipole moment in such a way that the resultant Molecular Dipole Moment is equal to 0.
Hence BF3 is A Non-polar Compound.