Top Mountain Passes In India: A mountain pass is a navigable route through a mountain range or over a ridge. Passes have played a crucial role in trade, war, and both human and animal migration throughout history. It may be formed between two volcanic peaks or created by erosion from water or wind.
Passes in India can be found just above the source of a river, constituting a drainage divide. A pass can be very short, that consist of steep slopes to the top of the pass, or it may be a valley many kilometers long, whose highest point can only be measured by surveying.
Some of the Important Mountain Passes India are:
- Zoji La
- Bara- Lacha Pass
- Mana Pass
- Shipki La
- Jelep La
Top Mountain Passes In India
|Name||State||Height (ft)||Between/ Separating|
|Banihal Pass||Jammu and Kashmir (Jammu, Kashmir)||9,291||Jammu & Kashmir|
|Changla Pass||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)||17,585||Leh & Changthang|
|Chanshal Pass||Himachal Pradesh||14,830|
|Dehra Compass||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)|
|Debsa Pass||Himachal Pradesh||17,520|
|Diphu Pass||Arunachal Pradesh||4,587|
|Dhumdhar Kandi Pass||Uttarakhand|
|Fotu La||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)||13,451|
|Indrahar Pass||Himachal Pradesh||14,473|
|Khardung La||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)||17,582||Leh & Nubra|
|Kongka Pass||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)||16,965||Ladakh & Aksai Chin|
|Lanak Pass||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)||17,933||Ladakh & Tibet|
|Kunzum Pass||Himachal Pradesh (Lahaul and Spiti)||14,931||Lahaul & Spiti|
|Karakoram Pass||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)||Ladakh & Xinjiang|
|Lungalacha La||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)||16,600|
|Lamkhaga Pass||Himachal Pradesh||17,336|
|Marsimik La||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)||18,314|
|Namika La||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)||12,139|
|Nathu La||Sikkim||14,140||Sikkim & Tibet|
|Palakkad Gap||Kerala||750||Kerala & Tamil Nadu|
|Thamarassery Pass||Wayanad Kerala||1,700||Malabar & Mysore|
|Shenkottai pass||Kollam Kerala||690||Travancore & Tamil Nadu|
|Pensi La||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)|
|Rezang La||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)|
|Rohtang Pass||Himachal Pradesh||13,051||Manali & Lahaul|
|Sasser la||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)||17,753||Nubra & Siachen Glacier|
|Sela Pass||Arunachal Pradesh||14,000|
|Shipki La||Himachal Pradesh|
|Sia La||Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)||18,337|
|Shingo La||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)|
|Spangur Gap||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)|
|Gyong La||Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)||18,655|
|Bilafond La||Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)||17,881|
|Tanglang La||Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)||17,583|
|Zojila Pass||Jammu and Kashmir (Kashmir, Ladakh)||12,400||Kashmir & Ladakh|
Major Passes in India
Khardung La – It is the world’s highest motorable pass in India. It connects Leh and Siachen glaciers. The height of this pass is 17,582ft, In winter this pass remains closed.
Banihal Pass – It is a mountain pass across the Pir Panjal Range, which connects the Kashmir valley in the Jammu and Kashmir to the Himalayas and the plains to the south.
Shipki La – It is a very crucial pass because lies on the Indo-china border. The river Sutlej enters India from Tibet near to this pass. It is located in the Kinnaur district in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India, and Ngari Prefecture in Tibet, China. The pass is one of India’s border posts for trade with Tibet along with Nathu La in Sikkim, and Lipulekh in Uttarakhand.
Bara-Lacha – It is a high mountain pass in the Zanskar range, connecting Lahaul district in Himachal Pradesh to Leh district in Ladakh, situated along the Leh–Manali Highway. The pass also acts as a water divide between the Bhaga river and the Yunan river
Rohtang Pass -It provides a natural divide between the Kullu Valley with a primarily sanatani culture, and the arid high-altitude Lahaul and Spiti valleys with Buddhist culture. It connects the Kullu Valley with the Lahaul and Spiti Valleys of Himachal Pradesh, India.
Mana Pass– It is one of the highest vehicle-accessible passes in the world, containing a road constructed for the Indian military by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO). It is the last point between India and China Border.
Niti Pass– Niti is the last village in the valley before the border with south Tibet. The Niti Pass was an ancient trade route between India and Tibet, and it was sealed after the 1962 Sino-Indian War. Since then, the border has remained sealed.
Nathu La – Nathu La is a mountain pass in the Himalayas in the East Sikkim district. It connects the Indian state of Sikkim with Tibet. The pass, at 4,310 m (14,140 ft) above mean sea level.
Jalep La – Its elevation of 4,267 m or 13,999 ft, is a high mountain pass between East Sikkim District, Sikkim, India, and Tibet Autonomous Region, China. Jalep La is on a route that connects Lhasa to India.
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Frequently Asked Questions on Mountain Passes in India
Q 1. Which is the highest pass in India?
Ans. Dungri La or Mana Pass, Uttarakhand – 18,406 ft.
Q 2. How long is Zojila Pass?
Ans. It is 25.8 km long but narrow.